How is Scrooge in A Christmas Carol an outsider?  

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litgeek2015 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Ebenezer Scrooge is an outsidee for a few reasons, all of which are his own doing.

  • He is not a friendly person and as a result, he has no friends. While Bob Cratchit is the closet thing to a friend that he has, Scrooge is not Cratchit's friend.
  • He cares more about his money than anything else, which isolates him from others. This obsessions simply drives people away and prevents him from forming any close relationships. It also prevents him from having any hobbies or other interests, which makes it even more difficult for him to be involved with anyone or anything.
  • His "bah humbug!" attitude during Christmas makes him an outsider because he can't understand what everyone else is happy about or would want to celebrate. Where others can see the joy in the season, he cannot. Where others like, like Bob and Fred, are grateful for time with their families, he is not.
  • Scrooge wants nothing to do with the community in which he lives, except to get money from it. When asked to donate to charity, he openly expresses his disdain for those who need it. He lacks empathy and understanding for those around him, which causes him to be an outsider. 
  • He shows no concern or affection for those who actually do care about him, so he could be part of the group, but refuses. When his nephew, Fred, invited him for Christmas dinner he turns him down. When Bob Cratchit is kind to him, he only retorts with irritation and condescension. 
Read the study guide:
A Christmas Carol

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