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How is school an agent of socialization? How does it perpetuate gender/class/race socialization? How does bullying impact school socialization?

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Jonathan Haidt, a social psychologist at New York University, has argued that schools are practically the only spaces in which children learn to interact and resolve disputes with their peers, and that this is one of the most important roles of a school. Haidt claims that the rise of overprotective "helicopter parenting" has left more young people with social difficulties, meaning that when they reach college, disputes are more likely to escalate and involve deans and other authority figures. Much of the educational mission of a school can now be achieved through interaction with technology,...

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Socialization is the process where humans learn the ideologies and norms of society. Schools are one of the strongest agents of socialization because children spend a lot of time there and have to attend school for many years. At school, they learn how to interact with others by playing with their friends or by learning it from their teachers.

Additionally, children can also form their own cliques or group of friends based on ethnicity, gender, or social class. Here, societal roles will start to form. For example, a group of girls may only play together exclusively. They may only do girly activities, and when one of them suggests that they try a boy activity, she may get teased or mocked for wanting to do so. This will prevent that girl (and possibly others in the group) from doing boy activities or acting like a boy, thus perpetuating how a girl should act.

As for how bullies can impact socialization, well, they can bully someone based on their ethnicity, gender, or social class. Over time, this can teach the victim that he/she has lesser social power than a certain ethnicity, gender, or social class (or maybe all three). Another thing to consider is that teachers can also teach kids of certain ethnicities, genders, or social classes that they are of lesser value by treating them worse than other students.

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