How is sarcasm used in Brave New World?

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One of the most important uses of sarcasm is the changing tenor of John the Savage's tone in quoting the words "brave new world" from Shakespeare's The Tempest . When he first gets to the World State, John uses the term with complete sincerity, just as Miranda does in the play. But as he begins to see below the surface of this society, he starts to use the quote sarcastically. For example, one day he is taken on a tour and sees mass groups of identical twins. This so bothers him that he finds himself repeating Miranda's words to himself but twisting them to express his disgust: "Oh brave new world, that has such people in it." His sarcastic use of the words marks his growing disillusion with a state that puts superficial...

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