The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

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How is Santiago a hero in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea?

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In The Old Man and the Sea, Santiago, the protagonist, fulfills the definition of the Hemingway code hero since he possesses honor, courage, and endurance in an existence of misfortune, stress, pain, defeat, and even death.

Critics agree that Santiago is the most developed of Hemingway's heroes since he is heroic from the beginning of the narrative. Despite his failure to catch even a single fish in eighty-four days, the old man is an honorable fisherman who still goes out each day. He does not complain; instead, he reminds himself of his hero, Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees, who suffered from excruciatingly painful bone spurs as he played baseball. 

Santiago also endures:

His hope and confidence had never gone. But now they were freshening as when the breeze rises....He was too simple to wonder when he had attained humility. But he knew he had attained it and he knew it was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride. 

While he is out on the ocean's water in his modest...

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