How does Prospero use his magic to exact his revenge in The Tempest?

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Prospero uses his magical powers, connected to the "brave new world" of the deserted island on which he finds himself stranded, to enact poetic justice more than to revenge himself on his enemies. He uses his power not to inflict on his enemies all that he has suffered (they get only a taste of suffering) but to teach them a lesson and restore the proper order of life. His justice is restorative rather than punitive. 

Prospero's main agent of justice is Ariel, a spirit he has freed from an evil spell. Ariel, in gratitude, serves Prospero faithfully. The action which starts the play's plot in motion is the storm Ariel raises at Prospero's behest. This magical storm forces the ship carrying Alonso and Antonio, Prospero's chief enemies, to crash on the island. Alonso, king of Naples, and Antonio, Prospero's brother, had conspired to depose him from rule, setting him and his daughter Miranda on a leaky vessel out to sea. Prospero ended up stranded on this deserted island, so it is only...

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