How the point of view in the story helps reinforce the book's theme?

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asorrell eNotes educator| Certified Educator

nd The first 8 chapters are told in third person, although they focus mostly on what Mr. Utterson knows and how he comes to know it. The story unfolds as the lawyer Mr. Utterson starts to figure things out about Jekyll and Hyde.  He starts to put things together.  It isn't until the 9th chapter, which is a letter from Lanyon that it is confirmed that Jekyll is Hyde and vice versa.  Furthermore, the 10th chapter is the letter from Jekyll that explains everything that has happened.  This chapter explains all the events in the book, but from the point of view of Jekyll.  The Carew murder, the comings and goings of Hyde, the will, the voice heard in the cabinet, etc - all are explained in this chapter by Jekyll himself.  I guess as far as themes, this point of view could reinforce the idea that "things aren't always what they seem" and reinforces the theme of good and evil.  Having Utterson try to figure out the mystery as a third party was definitely deliberate on the author's part.  He assumed his friend Jekyll was a victim of this Hyde.  It took most of the book before he figured out the the evil Hyde was actually his friend and client Dr. Jekyll

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