Piggy provides the voice of reason in the book and tries to
establish order among the boys. He's intelligent, providing
answers to help the boys survive and suggestions to help them be
rescued. His looks, behavior, and beliefs resemble those
of an adult, reflecting a more mature attitude and greater
wisdom than the others. He frequently asks "what grownups
would do" when confronted with situations that the children
don't know how to handle. He sees the importance
of building shelters and moving the fire to the beach. His
glasses are the tool to build the fire. Only he understands Jack's
hatred of Ralph.
Unfortunately, for all of Piggy's adult-like behavior and
reasoning powers, he's a short, fat, awkward, asthmatic kid
on the outside. His mental acuity is a contradiction of his
physical weakness. "Mocking him makes the others feel cheerful."
He's unable to survive in a society where reason is replaced by
irrationality. Perhaps his physical appearance is symbolic of a
child's tendency to rebel against an adult society of rules and
order or a reminder there are no adults to save them.
At the end, Ralph cries for "the end of innocence, the darkness
of man's heart," and for "the fall through the air of the true,
wise friend called Piggy." Piggy is more adult-like in his
appearance and behavior, but he also has the innocence of a