Wheatley personifies the American colonies as a warrior goddess named Columbia. She wears armor, "flash[ing] dreadful in [her] refulgent arms." Columbia takes up "freedom's cause," moving "divinely fair" with her golden hair and many charms and graces. She leads armies, and she seems to exist always in the "bright beams of heaven's revolving light." Columbia also wears "Olive and laurel" branches in her hair. In Greek mythology, the olive is associated with the warrior goddess, Athena, and Columbia's power and majesty benefits from this association with this most powerful goddess. Further, laurel is associated with the god, Apollo, and is a symbol of victory.
Thus, the symbolism of Columbia's ornaments seems to hint at both her undeniable power and beauty and intelligence, as well as her inevitable victory over Britannia, the personified colonizer: England. When "Columbia's arm prevails," Britannia's head drops, and she accepts defeat, "Lament[ing] [her] thirst of boundless power too late." In the end, then, when Wheatley describes Washington as having "A crown, a mansion, and a throne that shine, / With gold unfading," as a leader with "virtue on [his] side," she associates him with the gods as well, describing him like an Olympian.