How is personification used in the poem "September 1, 1939"?

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What is personification? Personification is the act of giving human characteristics to non-human things, such as animals or inanimate objects. 

How does Auden use personification in his poem "September 1, 1939"?

Let's list some examples and dissect the personification therein: 

  1. "As the clever hopes expire" -
    Here, hope is made into a person who can expire, or die. 

  2. "The unmentionable odour of death / Offends the September night" -
    Here, the September night is made into a person who is...

(The entire section contains 243 words.)

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