Arguably one of the greatest statesman in history, Winston Churchill passed away at the age of 90. Born on November 30, 1874, he died following a stroke on January 24, 1965.
Winston Churchill, as the biography the link to which is below attests, led a long and fascinating life, including serving in the British Army, and as First Lord of the Admiralty during the Great War (later designated World War I), an experience that would prove the greatest failure of his professional life -- the vagaries of politics aside. The Battle of Gallipoli on the Turkish peninsula, intended to facilitate the movement of naval armaments through the Dardanelles, turned into a military fiasco, resulting not just in the deaths of tens of thousands of British and thousands more Australian troops, with hundreds of thousands more sickened from disease, but also resulted in Churchill's removal from his position at the top of the British Navy.
Churchill, of course, would famously return from the "wilderness" of British politics in that country's greatest hour of need, the war against Nazi Germany, and his legacy is one of brilliant leadership during that period.