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mrshh eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Archeologists have found human remains in India dating back to approximately 30,000 years ago.  In that time, India was not an established country.  Rather, various groups of people settled in or traveled through the area that is now India.

The Indus Valley Civilization was established during the Bronze Age.  It was located in western India, and also in Pakistan.  Hinduism and the caste system were established around 500 BC.  In the centuries that followed, various empires and kingdoms ruled the region.  The name India was first used by Lucian around 200 AD.  The word was derived from "Indus."

India was a colony of Great Britain for many years.  The nation of India gained its independence from Britain in 1947, two years after the end of World War II.  The official name of the nation is the Republic of India.