How is Oedipus the King related to Greek culture?

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The play Oedipus the King, or Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles is an excellent example of an ancient Greek tragedy. The play reflects (and helped create) the essential pieces of a Greek tragedy and also reflects the culture's religious beliefs. Further, drama was an important part of Greek culture, and the Festival of Dionysus included a drama competition where playwrights would stage new plays and vie for the title of the festival's best production.

First, Oedipus is a great example of a tragedy. It shows the fall of a tragic hero due to a tragic flaw. The hero is the King of Thebes; Oedipus solved the riddle of the Sphinx, saved the city, and has been its ruler ever since. The audience was familiar with the story of Oedipus, as this was a popular and well-known myth in Greek culture. Therefore, the play has many instances of dramatic irony, like when Oedipus vows to find the killer without knowing he is actually the killer. Finally, the play features a Chorus whose odes comment on the action of...

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