Nature is presented as rich, full, indolent, and beautifully melancholic in this poem celebrating autumn.
Imagery in the first stanza shows autumn to be full and rich to the bursting point: the season conspires with the sun to produce a bounty that loads the apple trees until they are bent over with fruit. Autumn is also described as if it is pregnant and ready to give birth, so that it can
fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells....
The world overflows with bounty.
In stanza 2, the bounty of nature is described as indolent or lazy. It is "sitting careless... sound asleep." Rather than moving swiftly, this sleepy overload of nature's goodness drowses. The cider press is full of "oozings." It as if autumn has overeaten and now must slow down and drift into a nap.
In stanza 3, the focus turns to the sounds of autumn as evening falls. This is a melancholic time of "soft-dying day" and "rosy hues" as the sun sets, punctuated by the "wailful choir"...
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