How does Napoleon trick the animals into forgetting how hard life is for them?
As a manipulative tyrant, Napoleon uses propaganda, scapegoats, and fear to alter the animals' perception of their standard of living on the farm. Napoleon employs Squealer, a pig with an extraordinary ability to articulate and persuade others, to manipulate the animals into believing they are living independent, fulfilling lives. Squealer spreads false propaganda by making up favorable harvest statistics to "prove" that the farm is efficient and producing. He also congratulates the animals on their accomplishments and alters the Commandments, which are written on the wall of the barn. Napoleon feeds the animals lies regarding the windmill and tells them that it will dramatically improve their standard of living, which gives them false hope in the future and motivates them to work harder.
Napoleon also blames every issue on Snowball and uses him as a scapegoat to distract from his mistakes. Squealer continually reminds the animals of conditions before Napoleon became their leader and scares the animals into believing that Mr. Jones might return. Napoleon also prevents the animals from learning, and only young pigs are provided an education. Given the cult of personality that quickly develops around Napoleon, the animals blindly trust his leadership and soon forget about the previous conditions on the farm under Mr. Jones.
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