How are the myths of Romulus & Remus (Roman myth) and Atalanta (Greek myth) similar ? Several similarities, please.

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schulzie eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Both the Roman myth of Romulus and Remus and the Greek myth of Atalanta include:

1.  Abandoned infants: Romulus and Remus were thrown in the river Tiber to die after their mother was imprisoned.  Atalanta was placed out in the middle of a forest to die because her father wanted a son.

2. Children were expected to die but survived.

3.  Infants were found and raised by animals:  Romulus and Remus were raised by a she-wolf.  Atalanta was raised by a she-bear.

4. Raised by humans after being nurtured by animals: Romulus and Remus were raised by a shepherd and his wife.  Atalanta was raised by a group of hunters.

5. Had a contest to encourage marriage: Romulus - Remus was dead at this point - wanted to encourage his men to marry because there were no women in Rome when he developed it. He arranged for games to be played in honor of Neptune and invited the neighboring cities to attend.  It turned into a horrible part of the legend because the men of Rome attacked the women of Sabine and made them their wives.  It is related in the story "The Rape of Sabine".  

Atalanta made up with her father, and he wanted to find her a husband.  She did not want a husband, so she challenged the men of the area to a race.  If she lost, she would become his wife; however, if she won, she could cut his head off.  Hippomenes beat her with the aid of Aphrodite.  She married him.

6. Both disappeared suddenly: After 37 years ruling Rome, Romulus was carried in a chariot of fire up to the heavens by the god Mars, his father.

Atalanta and Hippomenes angered the goddess Aphrodite by not worshipping her after the contest and angered the god, Zeus. They were transformed into lions.