In George Orwell's 1984, Mr. Charrington’s upstairs room provides a welcome but brief respite for the characters of Julia and Winston. The dystopian futuristic society of Oceana is extremely stressful for people like Julia and Winston, and this opportunity to get away from its constraints and the prying eye of Big Brother gives them a chance to be themselves. This also gives the reader a chance to see what these characters are like under slightly more normal circumstances.
However, Winston and Julia also realize that they are going to get caught at some point; they harbor no illusions about their ability to overcome the power of the Party. When they are finally caught, Winston knows that he will be tortured and asked to turn on Julia, which he tries not to do. However, the Party’s torture methods are too effective, and he eventually does.
The end result of all of this is that Winston realizes that he cannot win and finally gives in to the Party’s demands. This leaves the reader with a feeling of doom and foreboding—the individual is no match for a government that has unchecked power and unlimited resources.