Generally, modernism is a reaction to the horrors of World War I, and modernist artwork, including literature, generally rejects the norms that were previously used to hold society together. Artists like Picasso are perfect examples of this rejection of past artwork. Poets like Ezra Pound and Amy Lowell practiced Imagism, in which the sentimentality of usual poetry has been discarded in exchange for a clear and concise language about an image. Pound's "In a Station of the Metro" is an excellent example of this type of poetry.
All of James Joyce's works reject past norms. His prose employs many techniques evident in the Modernist period, including clear, concise prose that is devoid of sentimentality. He also uses a variant of the stream of consciousness technique, a centerpiece of Modernist literature, throughout many of his works, including "Eveline."
In "Eveline," which is written in the third person, Joyce's narrator dives into the thoughts of Eveline, the adolescent girl who is debating...
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