How is the Minoan painting of children boxing similar to work from other cultures?

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I believe you are referring to the series of Minoan frescoes found on the island of Thera, or Santorini, at the Akrotiri settlement. One of the frescoes portrays children boxing and is paired with a fresco depicting antelopes, so they are collectively known as The Antelopes and the Boxing Children, or The Boxing Boys and the Antelopes. This fresco is similar to works from other Mediterranean cultures, most notably, the ancient Egyptians. In contemporary examples from Egypt, we also see individuals portrayed sideways, on a single plane, and without perspective. The sense you get when looking at the fresco is that the boys are frozen in time. Similarly to Egypt, men tended to be painted in shades of brown, while women were painted in lighter shades of off-white. We know that the Minoans and the Egyptians had significant commercial connections, so it is of little surprise that they shared artistic styles, likely learning from and teaching each other.

Comparisons could also be made to works from Mesopotamia and Libya. In fact, some of the other frescos from this settlement seem to narrate a story unfolding in a sub-tropical landscape, and some scholars have posited that this was Libya and that it hints at connections between Minoan and Libyan cultures.

For further reading, I would suggest R.F. Willett’s book, The Civilization of Ancient Crete, Patrick Hunt’s Ten Discoveries That Rewrote History, and Lyvia Morgan’s chapter (“Play, Ritual and Transformation: Sports, Animals and Manhood in Egyptian and Aegean Art”) in the edited volume Ritual, Play, and Belief in Evolution and Early Human Societies, edited by Colin Renfrew, Iain Morley, and Michael Boyd.

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A Minoan fresco Akrotiri on Thera, an Aegean island, shows two boys boxing. They are almost nude, except for a loincloth, and have red bodies, and they are shown punching each other in the head. Their long hair with partly shaved heads is associated with youth.

This image and the style of fighting can be compared to depictions of male youths boxing in ancient Greece. Pygmachia was one type of boxing featured in the Olympics and other Panhellenic festivals. It was mentioned in Homer’s Iliad. Ancient Greek ceramic vases, or amphorae, depict boxers; the figures are usually black on an orange ground. The fighters’ bodies are nude, and their hands are wrapped in with leather bands. Bronze sculptures also show boxers with these bands.

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