How might the pigs' appearance at the end of the novel be symbolic?

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At the end of Animal Farm, the pigs start to walk on their hind legs. This is significant because the animals have gone from saying "Four legs good, two legs bad" to the chant "Four legs good, two legs BETTER." Napoleon begins carrying a whip, and soon all the supervisor pigs are carrying whips. Napoleon also is seen with a pipe in his mouth. The pigs literally wear the clothes straight from Mr. Jones's closet:

Napoleon himself appearing in a black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings, while his favourite sow appeared in the watered silk dress which Mrs. Jones had been used to wearing on Sundays.

When Mr. Pilkington joins the pigs, he talks of how the pigs dealing with lower animals is similar to how humans must deal with lower classes. The other animals observe:

The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.

The appearance of the pigs show how they have become the oppressors. They wear the humans' clothes, walk on two legs like humans, and use pipes and whips like humans. The whip further signifies oppression and the control the pigs have over others. The specific clothing is reflective of the upper class, as Mr. Pilkington suggests. The fact that the sow wear the best Sunday dress shows that the clothing is not worn for warmth or protection—it is worn to make a statement.

It is also important to remember that Napoleon the pig is reflective of Joseph Stalin and Napoleon Bonaparte.

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In Chapter 10, Napoleon walks around Animal Farm carrying a whip and wearing a black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings. Napoleon's appearance is symbolic of his tyrannical rule and represents his proximity to the animal's original oppressor, Mr. Jones. The fact that Napoleon is wearing Mr. Jones' old clothes symbolically represents the way in which Napoleon treats the animals the same way Mr. Jones once did. Napoleon's whip is also a symbol of oppression and violence. Similar to Joseph Stalin's political purges, Napoleon violently executes animals who present a challenge to his authority. Napoleon's black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings are symbolic of his social status. In Victorian England, ratcatcher attire was worn by aristocrats who participated in fox hunts. Napoleon and the other pigs occupy the upper class and are part of the aristocracy on Animal Farm. Napoleon does not consider himself equal to the other animals and is essentially a megalomaniac who takes advantage of the socially lower ranked animals on the farm.

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