How might the pigs' appearance at the end of the novel be symbolic?
In Chapter 10, Napoleon walks around Animal Farm carrying a whip and wearing a black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings. Napoleon's appearance is symbolic of his tyrannical rule and represents his proximity to the animal's original oppressor, Mr. Jones. The fact that Napoleon is wearing Mr. Jones' old clothes symbolically represents the way in which Napoleon treats the animals the same way Mr. Jones once did. Napoleon's whip is also a symbol of oppression and violence. Similar to Joseph Stalin's political purges, Napoleon violently executes animals who present a challenge to his authority. Napoleon's black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings are symbolic of his social status. In Victorian England, ratcatcher attire was worn by aristocrats who participated in fox hunts. Napoleon and the other pigs occupy the upper class and are part of the aristocracy on Animal Farm. Napoleon does not consider himself equal to the other animals and is essentially a megalomaniac who takes advantage of the socially lower ranked animals on the farm.