How many years passed before prisoners of Bosque Redondo were freed?
The Navajo Prisoners are the Navajos who survived the walk that killed many innocent people, also some were stolen (wifes and children) by Slave Raiders.
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Bosque Redondo was the name given to the reservation where the Mescalero Apache and Navajo were interred from 1863 to 1868. Fort Sumner, named after General Edmund Sumner, was built to contain the Navajo and Apache who had been raiding settlements around that area in New Mexico.
The reservation quickly became overcrowded when the army finally succeeded in rounding up all the Apache and Navajo, and soon disease and famine spread through the dismal reservation. There was little water, so corn crops failed, and even less firewood, so Indians began freezing to death.
The army finally deemed the reservation a “total and complete failure” in 1868 and let the Navajo return to their homeland. The Apache and Navajo gave up their raiding and began farming, eventually expanding their reservation to one the size of Yellowstone National Park.
Three years. They were not freed until Congress authorized the establishment of Fort Sumner, New Mexico at Bosque Redondo on October 31, 1862.
The Navajo were finally acknowledged sovereignty for their land in Bosque Redondo, in the historic Treaty of 1868.
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