How many slaves were transported from Africa between 1670 and 1865 to the USA? Did slaves continue to be transported to the USA during the Civil War? How were they purchased and from whom in...
How many slaves were transported from Africa between 1670 and 1865 to the USA?
Did slaves continue to be transported to the USA during the Civil War?
How were they purchased and from whom in Africa?
How many people in the world live in slavery today?
Was slavery in Egyptian times more humanitarian or less during the South in the 1700s?
Statistics show that between the years 1619 and 1807, a total of approximately 500,000 Africans were imported for slavery to British North America, what is now the United States. We also know that approximately 11,863,000 Africans total were shipped to the Americas, constituting North America, the Caribbean, and South America. However, the majority of Africans, 90%, transported across the Atlantic were actually taken to either the Caribbean or South America; only 6% were taken to the US (Steven Mintz, "Facts about the Slave Trade and Slavery," available at The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, wwww.gilderlehrman.org).
All importation of slaves into the US was supposed to have been abolished by the 1807 Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves. The act was initiated and signed into effect by President Thomas Jefferson, who referred to the slave trade as "violations of human rights." However, the act was not well enforced and, sadly, author Carl C. Cutler of Greyhounds of the Sea cites newspapers in the 1850s as referring to the "number of ships sailing from the various cities" that still trafficked Africans for the slave trade. According to Cutler, one newspaper stated that "as late as 1859 there were seven slavers regularly fitted out in New York, and many more in all the larger ports," the year 1859 being just a couple years before the start of the Civil War in 1861 (p. 39).