How do you make a Narrative Writing planner? It involves characters' descriptions, setting descriptions, an introduction, rising action (events leading up to the climax), a bang big event (climax),...

How do you make a Narrative Writing planner? It involves characters' descriptions, setting descriptions, an introduction, rising action (events leading up to the climax), a bang big event (climax), and the ending.

Can you please give me an example (relate a story that happened to you and answer all these questions)?

Expert Answers
mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A narrative essay is essentially the retelling of an experience that the writer has had that illustrates a lesson learned or an insight. As with all essays, follow the format of 

  • Introductory paragraph
  • 3 body paragraphs (beginning action, climactic action, and ending, or resolving action), each with a topic sentence with at least 3 details that are developed.
  • Concluding paragraph 

The Introductory Paragraph

  • Motivator - Begin with a quote or an observation that will grab your readers' attention, something like At first it seemed like a good idea to one of us. Your reader will wonder "What was 'it'? What happened?" and read on.
  • Thesis or General Statement - This will state what it is that you learned or how what happened became meaningful to you.

The First Body Paragraph (Initial actions)

  • Topic Sentence - State the first important event 
  • Details - Develop the paragraph with vivid description. Use dialogue, too, if it furthers the plot of the story.
  • More Details - Be descriptive. Use vivid adjectives.
  • More Details - Let the ending sentences lead to the next major idea.

The Second Paragraph (Climactic actions)

  • Topic Sentence
  • Follow the same outline as in the first paragraph, but bring your narrative to its climax here in this paragraph.
  • Details - Be sure to describe with colorful and precise words that "show" what happens.
  • Details - Use words that create images of sight, sound, touch, smell; paint pictures with words, and bring them to a climax, the point where emotions are highest and the plot begins to turn. Describe what you experience; this is the "evidence" for what has been described.
  • Use transitional words to join ideas and lead to the next.

The Third Paragraph (Action winds down)

  • Topic Sentence
  • Details - Describe the final actions.
  • Details - Relate final experiences.
  • Transition to the next paragraph.

The Conclusion

  • Analyze what has occurred to you through the story of an experience. What have you learned? What has this experience done for you?
  • Explain how the experience is meaningful to you, and how you feel about it.


Here is part of an example story from the point of view of a college student: 

1. (Introduction) It was Friday night, and I think we all heaved a sign of relief because the semester was over. Now we could get down to the serious business of packing and driving to the beach. But how could three of us fun-loving teens know that we were about to venture upon a dangerous mission? (thesis)

2. As I was putting my shaving bag into my duffel, the phone rang. "Marty, are you ready? We're on our way. Hurry and stand outside with your stuff. We've got to make time. I'll explain later." Doug hung up before I could even grunt anything that remotely resembled a "yes." Taking a quick, sharp look around, I made sure I had my swimming trunks and sandals--about all that's essential for the beach--and my money, grabbed my duffel, and gave my mother back home a quick call. She was still telling me what not to do as I hung up and went out the door. Then Doug whizzed up in his Camaro and we were off! "Panama City here we come!" we all shouted in unison. After a while, I asked, "So, what was the rush for?" Sounding like a funeral director, Doug replied in a soft monosyllabic voice, "Explain later."

3. We rode for hours quietly, reading and sending emails, checking on where our friends were, dozing off, talking. As we cut through Georgia, we stared at that crazy red earth that peanuts and peaches seem to prefer. But, something seemed wrong; we were going away from the ocean, not towards it. "Hey, Doug, you got your GPS on? Where're we goin'?" I asked. After what seemed like minutes, Doug answered,

"Uh, I gotta make a little detour."
"Are you nuts? We'll never get there if you do that," cut in Tom.

(Tom is disgustingly on time for everything.) Doug apologized and said that he had received a call from his cousin Rusty. "Rusty!" we all shouted in unison. "Isn't he is jail?" Bret asked.

Doug hesitated. "No, he's out and wants me to pick him up."
"So, where's he going to sit? In the trunk?"
"Actually, yes."

Tom, who wants to be an attorney, looked as though his hair were on end. His light green eyes became neon. "Is this guy on the lam, or something? I will not be involved in this. Stop the car! I will not be an accomplice to anything!" Just then I saw a figure in the distance, bent and limping slightly as he drew nearer. He had a large paper parcel in his arms and looked as though he had slept in a pile of leaves. Tom drawled, sounding as monotone as President Jimmy Carter, "Well, I'll say. Lemme guess. Here's comes good ol' cousin Rusty."

4-5[You can imagine where this plot is going.] Doug puts Rusty in the trunk. They get past a road block because Rusty is little and climbs through to the back seat, then returns to the trunk when the policeman moves to the opposite place. They have to detour onto two-lane roads until they try to drop Rusty off at someone's place. Descriptions of the boys' fears, what they say and do can be given. Tempers flare. They almost fight.
Finally, they arrive at the beach, but everyone is on edge. The next day they argue and drink heavily that night. When the narrator awakens, he realizes that they can all be implicated in a crime; so, he resolves to speak to the group, especially Doug. Later that day, they all agree they must inform the police about Rusty and have him returned. But, they pretend they do not know him except as a hitchhiker. Afterwards, Doug is ashamed of himself and he apologizes to his friends. They, too, wish that they had not lied. The narrator states the moral of the story: "All day I could hear my Dad: 'Think before you act, son.'" He is right.

Conclusion: The narrator counts himself and the others as fortunate to have avoided trouble, but understands now how easily one can get involved in dangerous situations.