In Hard Times, how does Louisa Gradgrind's marriage to Bounderby set an example of patriachal and utilitarian "arrangaments" in Victorian society?
This is a great question! It is clear that Dickens presents Bounderby and Louisa's marriage as an unhappy one. Note how it is juxtaposed in the text with another unhappy marriage - that of Stephen Blackpool to his drunken wife. Note how typically Mr. Gradgrind attempts to treat marriage like a logic problem that he would use to teach his philosophy of Facts in his school. When Louisa wants to know his opinion, Bounderby responds by asking her to consider it in the way that she has been taught to consider every other question, as being a matter of "Fact" alone, without allowing emotions to enter in to the...
(The entire section contains 320 words.)
check Approved by eNotes Editorial