How long have Curley and his wife been married in chapter 2 in Of Mice and Men?

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In chapter two, George and Lennie learn that Curley has gotten married two weeks ago:

"Seems to me like he's worse lately," said the swamper. "He got married a couple of weeks ago."

We also learn that this has made him "cockier."

From the start, Curley's wife is linked to Curley's aggressive stance towards the much larger Lennie. Even before the characters meet, she is a symbol of the danger Lennie faces on the ranch.

Curley wants to prove his manhood in front of his new wife, which means taking on and beating larger men in boxing matches. At the same time, from the first time he lays eyes on her in the bunkhouse in chapter two, Lennie is innocently attracted to her. His eyes run over her as she stands in the light in the doorway with her banana curls, rouge, red-painted fingernails, and red backless sandals: "Lennie watched her, fascinated."

We're not sure how old Curley's wife is, except that she is at least fifteen, but she seems to be very young; she wishes she could go to Hollywood and be in the movies. Although she comes across as hard with her brittle voice and flashy clothes and makeup, she is also largely innocent and out of place on the ranch, just like Lennie.

Even if Curley was not such an insecure, bullying man, his wife's presence on the ranch meant trouble for Lennie. To him, she seems like a shiny toy he can't help but want to touch.

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In chapter two, George and Lennie arrive at the ranch in Soledad and are introduced to Candy, the old swamper. Shortly after meeting Curley, George asks Candy what his problem is. Candy elaborates on Curley's pugnacious attitude. After Candy explains that Curley is an accomplished boxer, he mentions that Curley's personality seems to have gotten worse lately. He then tells George,

[Curley] got married a couple of weeks ago. Wife lives over in the boss's house. Seems like Curley is cockier'n ever since he got married. (Steinbeck 13).

According to Candy, Curley and his wife have been married for two weeks. It is important to note that Candy and George are engaging in casual conversation. The accuracy of Candy's comment is questionable, and it's more than likely an estimation or a hyperbole. One can assume that the statement "couple of weeks" means anywhere from one month to exactly two weeks ago. Candy proceeds to inform George that Curley wears a glove full of vaseline to keep his hand soft for his wife and claims that she has already "got the eye." George is astonished by this comment and says,

Yeah? Married two weeks and got the eye? Maybe that's why Curley's pants is full of ants. (Steinbeck 14).

Once again, the length of Curley and his wife's marriage is mentioned. George is not familiar with Curley and his wife, so he is simply reiterating what the old swamper told him. What surprises George is that Curley's wife is already sick of their marriage and entertaining the possibility of hooking up another man. While the exact amount of time that Curley and his wife have been married is debatable, the audience can safely assume that it has been less than a month.

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Well, specifically in the text, George comments that Curley has been married "two weeks." However, it's not entirely clear that this is to be taken literally. George may be using hyperbole, referring to the fact that Curley and his wife have only been married for a very short amount of time. He and the swamper are discussing Curley's wife and the strange things Curley is doing to please his wife, such as wearing a glove filled with Vaseline to keep the hand soft for her. George feels that this is a thing that should not have been spoken about, but is told that Curley's wife already seems to have "the eye"—meaning that she has been flirting with other men despite the fact that she and Curley have been married only a very short period of time.

It could be, of course, that the marriage has gone on for longer than this but is simply still fresh enough that it seems new. Certainly it is too short a time of marriage for anyone to expect Curley's wife to have already become bored with him, as the gossip suggests is the case.

Curley's wife ultimately is unable to make any contribution to the widespread gossip about her, of course. George simply swallows what he has been told about her nature, and we can only guess at how many other people have been told similar things about her without her being offered the chance to defend herself.

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This is a good question. There are three places in the book that mention Curley's marriage. In chapter two, there are two small reference. 

First, the guys say that Curley has gotten more arrogant since he has gotten married a few weeks ago. None of the men respect Curley or like him. They like him less now that he has gotten married. 

Second, as the men are playing cards, they mention that Curley's wife has got the "eye". By this they mean that she is checking out other men; she obviously does not like Curley either. In particular the men believe that she is checking out Slim. They also mention that Curley and she have only been married for two weeks. This might be an estimate, but it is our closest guess. 

In conclusion, Curley and his wife has been married for a very short period of time, probably two weeks. 

Here is a quote:

“Well—she got the eye."

“Yeah? Married two weeks and got the eye? Maybe that’s why Curley’s pants is full of ants."

“I seen her give Slim the eye. Slim’s a jerkline skinner. Hell of a nice fella.

Slim don’t need to wear no high-heeled boots on a grain team. I seen her give Slim the eye. Curley never seen it. An’ I seen her give Carlson the eye."

George pretended a lack of interest. “Looks like we was gonna have fun."

The swamper stood up from his box. “Know what I think?” George did not answer. “Well, I think Curley’s married . . . . a tart.”

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