How long did George and Emily have together before Emily's death in Our Town?

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From the time they got married, Emily and George had just nine years to enjoy together until Emily died while giving birth.

The story takes a supernatural turn, when Emily is welcomed to eternal rest by others in the afterlife. She fights the notion of rest that they suggest, and against the advice of the others, she chooses to relive her 12th birthday. Armed now with the knowledge of the tragedy that lies ahead, this relived birthday proves to offer her no joy—just an immensely heavy feeling of sadness.

Later, when George arrives at Emily's grave, he is stricken with grief, and the pity that Emily feels for him is palpable. This pity stems from her newfound knowledge of how limited his appreciation of the miracle of life really is.

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In spite of the exultant happiness with which George and Emily leave the stage at the end of Act II after their marriage, one of the overwhelming messages of the play seems to be the ephemeral nature of such happiness by pointing towards the common end that awaits us all in death. If we have a look at the beginning of Act III and the introduction that the Stage Manager gives us, we are given the answer to your question:

This time nine years have gone by, friends--summer--1913.

Thus we are told that Emily and George have had but nine years to enjoy their love for one another and to make the most of the life that they were able to have together. The brevity of this time of course reinforces the central theme of the play, which is making the most out of the litle life that we are given.

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