How does Kipling give advice in terms of language, form, and structure?
Because your question asks for close reference to "the poem," I am going to assume you have miscategorized this question and are asking about Kipling's famous advisory poem, "If."
Kipling's poem, "If," a classic of Victorian stoicism, reflects the values of the society in which it was written. Kipling writes to an unidentified young man, whom he addresses directly: "my son." His choice to write in the second person, addressing the reader directly as "you," lends the poem an immediacy which helps each reader to imagine that it is personal to them; the choice of address fosters an intimacy between speaker and reader which suits the avuncular tone of the poem.
Kipling writes in iambic pentameter, lines with five "beats" or points of emphasis. This is the favored form of Shakespeare, a form extremely familiar to readers of English poetry and one which generally reflects the rhythms of speech. As such, this helps to convey the impression that the advice given in the poem is conversational,...
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