Unfortunately i have an essay due tomorrow on this topic and i was away all march break so i had no time to do it! I need help!
Jem is rather devastated to see justice go off the rails at the trial of Tom Robinson. After watching the trial, Jem fully expects the jury to acquit Robinson, but instead they return from deliberation wtih a guilty verdict. Jem learns a hard lesson about the function of racial prejudice and race politics that day.
Prior to this, Scout learns a lesson about the difference between friendship and clanship when she confronts the men who are threatening to lynch Tom Robinson before the trial. She sees a man who Atticus had befriended and whose son she and Jem had invited over to lunch. This man is ready to harm Atticus to defend what he perceives as the rights of his clan, despite the things that the Finch family had done for his family.
We can see this in how children like Scout and Jem and Dill react to the things that go on. Dill is sickened by what happens in the courtroom but most adults just take it for granted. Scout and Jem have to deal with the hatred spewed by Mrs. Dubose. This sort of thing shows youths recognizing the sorts of wrongs that go on in society but which are overlooked by the majority of adults.
By choosing a child narrator, the author allows us to see the world through the eyes of both a child and an adult (or older person, if you are a teenager reading the book). We see that her world is unfair, and since she is a child and not an adult, she also does not accept unfairness.