In King Lear, how is Kent's need to disguise himself part of a theme of disguise and deception in the play?

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It's telling that Kent has to disguise himself as a servant to get near to Lear. We've already seen that Lear prefers appearance to reality. When he foolishly divided his kingdom among his daughters he thought that he could still maintain the appearance of being king. And in demanding a public declaration of love from each of them he made it all too easy for Regan and Goneril to give the appearance of loving their father but without actually doing so.

A king without a kingdom, Lear has only the guise of kingship, so those like Kent who choose to stay within his orbit must enter the old man's deranged fantasy world and put on their own disguises. Just as Lear is no longer a real king, Kent is not a real servant. It's an indication of the topsy-turvy world that Lear has constructed for himself that the only way Kent can now serve his master is by pretending to be a servant.

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As with many of Shakespeare's plays, this tragedy involves many characters who intentionally disguise themselves or pretend to be what they are not. What is interesting about this play however is that there seem to be characters who disguise themselves intentionally for good reasons, and those characters who do so for bad reasons. Note what Kent says in Act I scene 4, having been banished, which explains his decision to disguise himself:

If but as well I other accents borrow

That can my speech diffuse, my good intent

May carry through itself to that full issue

For which I razed my likeness. Now, banished Kent,

If thou canst serve where thou dost stand condemned,

So may it come they master, whom thou lov'st,

Shall find thee full of labours.

Even though Kent has been wronged by his master, he determines to "raze his likeness" out of his devotion to Lear in his desire to serve him still, albeit in a very different capacity. This "good intent" behind his disguise is of course sharply contrasted with Regan and Goneril, who pretend to be devoted daughters for the wrong motives. Interestingly, we could argue that the one character in the play who doesn't disguise herself or pretend to be what she is not is actually Cordelia. Perhaps the theme of disguise and deception paints a very harsh picture of the world, as those who are unable to disguise themselves seem to be left vulnerable and exposed to the machinations of those who can.

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