How Jack uses fear throughout the novel - quotationsSo, I'm in the process of writing an essay on how Jack uses fear throughout the novel to gain power (either fear of himself, or fear of the...

How Jack uses fear throughout the novel - quotations

So, I'm in the process of writing an essay on how Jack uses fear throughout the novel to gain power (either fear of himself, or fear of the beast). My three paragraphs are how he uses it at the beginning of the novel, in the middle and the towards the end.

I have three quotations for how Jack uses his fear at the beginning but I need a couple of examples for the middle and the end.

For the middle, I say: ..after Ralph has been elected chief, Jack tries to undermine and gain power himself.

And at the end, Jack uses fear to maintain his position as chief.

I need some quotations.

Expert Answers
gmuss25 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Throughout the novel, Jack uses fear and intimidation to usurp power and maintain his position as the leader of his savage tribe. Jack understands that in order to maintain control over his hunters he must manipulate their fear of the beast and use it to his advantage. Before he leads the boys on a hunting expedition, Jack tells them,

"We’ll kill a pig and give a feast...And about the beast. When we kill we’ll leave some of the kill for it. Then it won’t bother us, maybe" (Golding, 191).

By commenting on the possibility that the beast might attack them, he continues to reinforce their fears, which he manipulates to his advantage.

Jack also uses intimidation to maintain control over the boys in his tribe. In Chapter 9, Robert mentions to Roger that Jack is going to beat up Wilfred. When Roger asks why Jack is going to beat Wilfred, Robert says,

"I don’t know. He didn’t say. He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up. He’s been...he’s been tied for hours, waiting—" (Golding, 229).

Jack uses violence as a tool to intimidate the boys and arbitrarily punishes them to maintain his authoritative position.

Jack continues to manipulate the boys' fear of the beast by claiming that it has supernatural abilities and powers. After they supposedly kill the beast, Jack addresses his group by saying,

"He came—disguised. He may come again even though we gave him the head of our kill to eat. So watch; and be careful" (Golding, 230).

Once again, Jack manipulates the boys' fear of the beast. From their perspective, Jack is the only person with the insight and ability to protect them from the beast. In order for Jack to maintain his position as leader, he must continue to reinforce their fears of the beast.

mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In Chapter Eleven, when Jack steals Piggy's glasses, the others fear how they will make a fire.  And, of course, Piggy cannot see without his glasses.  So, Ralph and Piggy go with the conch to call a meeting, but Jack yells at them from behind his masked face, telling them to go away. Frightened, the twins Samneric run between Ralph and the entry. He attacks Ralph with his spear.  Then he "felled the twins clumsily and excitedly."  As the twins lay astonished, Jack turns to Ralph, "See? They do what I want."

Roger,the henchman for Jack, stands over the twins while Samneric, who have "protested out of the heart of civilization,"

lay looking up in quiet terror.  Roger advanced upon them as one wielding a nameless authority.

Lori Steinbach eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The ultimate fear Jack wields over Ralph in particular is the fear of being hunted--to death. He instructs that a spear be sharpened at both ends, a clear indication that Ralph's head will be skewered as some kind of sacrifice, just as the boar's head was. He begins the terrifying cacophony of ullulation which strikes terror into Ralph's heart. Finally, he utilizes fire to drive Ralph into the open so he can be killed. Fire is always a frightening prospect; however, in this case we know it has already killed (the mulberry birthmark boy).

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Lord of the Flies

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