Lord of the Flies Questions and Answers
by William Golding

Lord of the Flies book cover
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How are Jack, Ralph, Piggy, and Simon archetypal characters in Lord of the Flies?

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An archetype is a character that is found in ancient and modern stories.

Hero Ralph, the first one seen, changes most. The conch gives him special powers.

But there was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: ... yet most powerfully, there was the conch. (ch 1)

Ralph is described as “set apart” and he is chosen as a leader because he is the “being that had blown” the conch. 

Ralph is given a leadership role. He is not quite like the others and the others look up to him because of the conch.

Ralph is the first one found.  He cries when he sees his rescuers, because he realizes he will never be the same after the savagery he witnessed on the island. 

His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning wreckage of the island; and infected by that emotion, the other little boys began to shake and sob too. (ch 10)

Ralph, who represents civilization, mourns the loss of his innocence.  The others are still following his lead. 

Villain Jack is the villain, or enemy of...

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