How is the title Anthills of the Savannah relevant to the text (by Chinua Achebe)?

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The title Anthills of the Savannah is a very relevant metaphor for the novel it represents. An anthill is a massive accomplishment for a group of ants: it is both a symbol of strength and protection as well as a home and a collective space for many ants. In the story, the society is exactly like this. While it has been taken over by a political coup—to instill His Excellency Sam as the leader—it is shown that Kangan will not go quietly.

The nation of Kangan is the people's pride and joy: their protection and their homeland, much like an anthill is for ants. Therefore, when it is threatened by the leader Sam, the people band together in droves (once again reminiscent of ants in their number), and overthrow him to restore the nation to its rightful status.

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Anthills, both metaphorically and literally, contain strength and numbers not readily visible on the surface.  In Achebe's novel, a few examples of this truism are the represenations of the power of writers.  Writers are often a force that work below the radar of those in power.  The storyteller is the one who carries the "seed" from one place to another, thus assuring the continuance of the people.  As Ikem says, "it is only the story that can continue beyond the war and the warrior … The story is our escort; without it, we are blind.’’ 

Another source of unrealized power is the strength of women.  In an anthill, the queen is all-powerful.  Without her, there would be no reason to survive.  Even though the "queen" exists below the surface and is frequently unseen, it is she who perpetuates the race and makes its existence meaningful. 

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