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How is the "opportunity cost" of producing a good measured?

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“Opportunity cost” refers to the sacrifice that an individual makes by not taking one course of action because of the potential benefits they might accrue by pursuing an alternative one. For example, if I choose to enter the workforce directly out of high school, I am sacrificing the potential career paths and higher salary that would come with a college education. However, because I choose to start my career much earlier than I would if I had devoted four additional years of my life to higher education, I am able to move up more quickly in my chosen field of work. The trade-off...

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