What originally begins as an accidental stranding of young boys on an uninhabited island darkens to represent the classic struggle between good and evil. William Golding uses the boys' conflicts to cast them into opposing sides: savages versus civilization. The savages, led by Jack, represent the evil, dark side of humanity and use violence, fear, and intimidation to maintain their power. On the other hand, a few boys wish to remain true to their upbringing and reconnect with civilization; Ralph, Piggy, Simon, and Samneric remain true to their English roots and strive to keep the signal fire lit, so they can be rescued.
In Lord of the Flies, Golding's carefully constructed chain of events gives the savages the upper hand, making it look as though evil will triumph; both Piggy and Simon are killed by Jack and his hunters. Only Ralph remains, struggling to save himself from the hunt. Is Golding sending the message that evil is more powerful than good, or that evil will triumph? Not neccessarily--Golding's construction of the evil versus good conflict reveals his belief in man's innate capacity for evil.