As others have noted, the stream-of-consciousness style Hemingway uses in "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" is associated with modernism. It's important to note, however, that stream-of-consciousness is not used by modernist writers simply as window dressing but comes from a deep desire to express their belief that knowledge is subjective, not objective. These writers, as Hemingway does, almost entirely dispense with the omniscient, all-knowing narrator because they didn't want to inject false certainty into their narratives. Instead, we see the action in the story in subjective terms as it is experienced by a dying man.
Hemingway also uses the spare, unembellished prose typical of the modernists, who wanted to get away from Victorian ornamentation.
In his treatment of a story about dying, Hemingway is strikingly modernist. Victorians loved sentimental and religious deathbed scenes, something modernists turned away from. Like a good modernist, Hemingway strips Harry's death of any false...
(The entire section contains 4 answers and 854 words.)