How is the interference of gods shown in The Odyssey?

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favoritethings eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Athena is constantly stepping in to help Odysseus and Telemachus, often disguising Odysseus or wrapping him in mist so that he cannot be seen or identified.  Further, she appears often to Telemachus to help inspire him to strike out and search for news of his father, and she helps him to make a noble name for himself too.  Poseidon interferes in Odysseus's life in a negative way, however, because Odysseus blinded his son, Polyphemus; Poseidon tries to keep Odysseus from being able to reach his home, and he actually turns the Phaeacians' ship to stone so that it sinks and drowns everyone on board since they helped Odysseus.  Zeus even interferes when Odysseus's crew lands on Thrinacia, sending first a storm and then a terrible lull in the winds they needed to get home so that they cannot leave.  Therefore, the gods interfere in The Odyssey for a number of reasons, both to help and to hurt.