How important is deductive reasoning when making a selection for a new hire?
Deductive reasoning, from the general premise to the particular, can be very important in hiring so long as one is careful in finding and applying the premises on which the reasoning is based.
For example, let us say that you are hiring an engineer. You might have observed that the best engineers are those people who have strong math skills and analytical minds. This is your first premise. You then go through your applications and interview people who have achieved good grades in math in college. As you interview them, you look for examples that show whether they are good at analytical thought. You then come to a second premise such as “Applicant X has strong math skills and an analytical mind.” If that is a sound premise (if you have assessed your applicant well), then you can deduce that Applicant X will be a good engineer.
Deductive reasoning, then, is quite important in hiring. However, you must be sure that you have formulated good premises.