How do the immortals act like the mortals in The Iliad? 

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The gods and goddesses in The Iliad act out of self-interest and sometimes pettiness, which makes them very much like mortal humans. With a few exceptions such as Zeus, the deities take sides in the human conflict, each acting not for the sake of the humans so much as for their own reasons. For example, Aphrodite supports Paris and the Trojans because Paris chose her as the winner of the beauty contest between herself, Hera, and Athena. For the same reason, Athena sides with the Greeks because she feels she was slighted by Paris in the contest. Hera always erupts with jealous rage when she feels the least slighted, especially when her husband Zeus strays from her with mortal women.

Pettiness and jealousy motivate a great deal of the gods. They often react violently when they believe humans are disrespecting them. Another example is Apollo taking action against the Greeks when Agaemmenon takes the daughter of a priest of Zeus captive. This action not only hurts the priest and his child, but...

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