How is Homer's Iliad is used in differents works of art and literature?

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The influence of Homer's Iliad can be found in numerous works of art and literature. A Greek tragedy entitled Rhesus and ascribed to Euripides is based on Iliad 10. The Latin epic, Vergil's Aeneid, owes much to Homer, especially in the final half of that poem, which is sometimes called its Iliadic part. In Aeneid 7-12, Aeneas does many things which are modelled on the actions of Achilles, especially Achilles killing of Hector in revenge for the death of Patroclus (compare Aeneas' killing of Turnus in revenge for the death of Pallas). Aeneas also receives a divinely-made shield, just as Achilles did. The Roman poet Statius also wrote an Achilleid, which will have been influenced heavily by Homer.

As for the world of art, numerous ancient Greek vases paintings and modern painters depicted scenes from the Iliad, such as the wrath of Achilles at Agamemnon (compare the paintings of Francois-Leon Benouville and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo), the activities of Achilles while in his tent and during his withdrawal from the war, as well as Achilles dragging Hector's body around the walls of Troy.

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Iliad

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