How HYPERTENSION is AGE related & wat r its complications?HT is mostly said to occur in HIGHER AGE GROUP ,can it occur in younger ones & how?

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Hypertension can occur in young people as well as in older people.  There are a variety of ways in which young people can come to be at risk of hypertension.  Some of these include:

  • Too much salt in the diet
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Not getting enough exercise
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • Having a great deal of stress in one's life

The complications of hypertension are many.  Perhaps the most important complications of this condition are its impacts on the heart and the circulatory system.  Hypertension puts a person at much greater risk of stroke or heart attack.

versatilekamini | Student

The force of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels is known as blood pressure.It depends on several factors such as ,blood volume,blood vessel space,force of the heart beat,and blood viscosity,etc.Blood pressure varies considerably in different parts of the circulatory system.The maximum pressure is encountered in the arota where it normally reaches to 140 mm of mercury.Then it gradually decreases in  the arteries and arteriols,becoming lower in the capillaries and still lower in the veins.

The arterial blood pressure undergoes a rhythmic change reaching a maximum during ventricular systole when blood is pumped into the arteries and decreasing during ventricular diastole. The former is called systolic pressure and the latter,the diastolic pressure.

Yes, blood pressure occures in youngre ones quite often caused mainly by extream stress resulting from pressure of work,overweight,obesity,alcoholism,excessive intake of salt and consumption of tobacco.

High blood pressure usually leads to brain hemorrhage,heart attack, paralysis and kideny failure.

mkcapen1 | Student

Hypertension is an increased flow of blood causing increased pressure  in the arteries.  Systolic blood pressure occurs when blood is pumped through the arteries.  A relaxed heart experiences diastolic blood pressure. Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure is elevated in the arteries.

Over half the population of people 65 or older has high blood pressure.  Lifestyles of the elderly during their youth have a significant impact on their development of high blood pressure as well as their current life style choices.  Things which affect their blood pressure include but are not limited to eating foods high in fat, a diet high in salt, heart or kidney problems.  As humans age salt is not processed as easily by the body nor is fat absorbed in the same manner.   People are less active as they get older which helps to prevent high blood pressure.  In addition a person's arteries harden with age and women undergo hormonal changes during menopause.  Al of these things are contributing factors of the increase in hypertension and its relationship to age.

mrinal4u | Student

hypertension can occur in any age group although blood pressure is found to be more common in elderly(>65 years of age),in young individuals hypertension can occur due to several conditions like kidney diseases,endocrine causes and cardiac causes.