How does Homer portray the relationship between gods and humans? What roll do gods play in human life? How does this make a difference in the story? What role do goddesses have in this story?

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The gods and goddesses portrayed in Homer's Iliad are anthropomorphic, meaning that they take forms like those of human beings. Even though they are immortal and have great powers, the gods have human characteristics and passions and are capable of interbreeding with humans. Most of the heroes of the Iliad can trace their lineage back to a god having mated with a human. Helen of Troy, for example, is a daughter of Zeus and...

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