Discuss the United States' approach to combat transnational crime.
Recently, the Obama Administration unveiled its "strategy" to approach Transnational Organized Crime (TOC). Essentially, it calls for specific actions to be taken to help on both proactive and reactive levels. On the side of the former, the Obama Administration has pledged to:
Help partner countries strengthen governance and transparency, break the corruptive power of transnational criminal networks, and sever state-crime alliances.
This move is designed to ensure that the TOC's toxic impact of graft and corrupting the democratic process in partner nations is minimized. The administration argued that bribery and corruption are the primary reasons for TOC driven activities. Once an organization is able to infiltrate a governmental agency, then transnational crime becomes easier to facilitate because of the access to governmental power. The Obama Administration recognizes this end and pledged to help minimize its impact, by strengthening democratic institutions that might be susceptible to corruption.
On a reactive end, the Administration has enacted laws that will allow the United States to deny entrance to those who are found to have participated or have ties to TOC:
In this, the reactive element of preventing entry is evident. The administration has argued that both aspects are needed in order to fully remedy the challenging issue of TOC. In this, one sees how the effort to combat the issue has taken on both forms.
A new Presidential Proclamation under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) will deny entry to transnational criminal aliens and others who have been targeted for financial sanctions.