How has sound quality been placed into the poem, and how does sound link everything melodically?This is about the "Those winter Sundays" by Robert E. Hayden.
First, let's discuss rhythm.
In stanzas 1 and 2, almost every line has 10 syllables, providing a steady rhythm. In the last stanza, the lines are shorter, mostly 8 syllables a piece. This gives a sort of "drive" to the conclusion. The poet adds further force to the ending by repeating the phrase, "What did I know, what did I know."
Like most poets, Hayden uses alliteration, that is, he uses words that have the same initial consonant sound. For example:
a) weekday weather
b) banked fires blaze
c) love's austere and lonely offices
Hayden also uses a number of words that make us think of sounds: cracked, splintering, call, speaking.