How has low income caused many struggles within American families? I need help with my thesis and outline.

Expert Answers
jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Families with low incomes face a chain reaction, as VanFleet (2002) documents (see the source below), meaning that their poverty affects them in many ways. They cannot afford proper health care, food, transportation, electricity, water, and phone service. VanFleet documents that poverty affects many generations, including children, and affects each aspect of a family's existence in a way that would be difficult for people not living in poverty to imagine. The thesis you produce for this paper might include how poverty affects each aspect of a family's life.

Using this thesis statement and conducting additional research, you can produce an outline. You might want to begin the paper with statistics about poverty in the United States. The link below from the organization Working Poor Families will provide you with more information, such as that one in three working families in the United States struggles to provide for its needs.

Each section of the outline might deal with one way in which poverty can affect the family. For example, the first section of your outline might deal with how poverty affects a family's access to proper health care for all its members and how their health suffers as a result. The next section of your outline could discuss the ways in which poverty affects a family's food resources, and the next section could be about other resources that are difficult for a family living in poverty to obtain (including housing, electricity, etc). For each section, you can do more research into the effects of poverty on that aspect of life. In your conclusion, you might think about why it is so difficult for children raised in poverty to obtain the education and resources to escape poverty when they grow up. 


VanFleet, Jennifer (2002) "The Struggles and Predicaments of Low-Income Families and Children in Poverty," Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge: Vol. 1 : Iss. 2 , Article 6. Available at: