Initiated in 1933, the focus of the New Deal was relief, recovery, and reform. While often given credit for saving the United States from The Great Depression, there are critics of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal initiative.
Many would agree that one of the greatest lasting consequences of the New Deal was the tripling of federal taxes. The programs enacted by the government were costly, and had to be paid for by the citizens and businesses. These taxes disproportionally targeted the middle class and crippled business expansion.
The National Industrial Recovery Act forced wage increases which, in turn, resulted in the loss of jobs for millions of Americans because businesses couldn’t afford the higher wages. The NIRA also enforced higher prices for retail goods and outlawed discounts, making it harder for people to purchase the things they needed.
Another major consequence of many New Deal programs was that it channeled money into politically important states. The South was the poorest region of the country with the greatest need, but politics, not need determined who would reap the greatest benefits from the new programs.