There are two versions of Darwinism to consider in answering this question. One version is Social Darwinism. The other version is Reform Darwinism.
According to Social Darwinism, the strongest and the fittest survive. These people believe in a laissez-faire philosophy that means the government shouldn’t interfere in the economy or with business activities. This is a harsh philosophy that emphasizes that a person is responsible for their situation. Artists and authors who believed in a philosophy of realism would describe things as they really are. In education, a Social Darwinist wouldn’t support having accommodations for those who struggle. They would support having schools that only the elite could afford to attend. To ease the harshness of this philosophy, a concept called the Gospel of Wealth developed. This idea emphasizes that the wealthy have an obligation to help the needy. Through philanthropy, the wealth can help those in need if they choose to do so.
Another view of the Darwinist theory is known as Reform Darwinism. These people believe the government should help those in need. They believe in a spirit of cooperation, not competition. They believe that there are situations that put people in a tough spot that aren’t their fault. In these situations, the government should step in and help these people. The artists and writers reflected an idea called naturalism. This concept emphasizes that there are times people need help, not because of what they did or didn’t do, but because certain events happened to them that were beyond their control. Reform Darwinists would support helping students in need with accommodations and modifications. They would support having equal access to educational opportunities. They believe those who are in need of help should receive it, especially if circumstances beyond their control are involved.