How the Habeas Act and Bill of Rights help the growth of democracy in England ?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Both concepts were critical in the minds of the framers of the United States Constitution and were some of the first steps that the world saw towards democratic rule. The English Bill of Rights outlined a series of entitlements that a monarch could not overrrule.  Implicit in them was the notion of equality built into the law.  In presenting the Bill of Rights, English Parliament asserted that all citizens can expect to enjoy some basic entitlements.  Some of these include the right to trial by jury, freedom to petition their government, as well as the royal monarch having to adhere to such constitutionally bound realities.  The idea of creating a sphere where individuals can expect some basic elements that cannot be trumped by a monarch helped to empower the citizenry and become more active agents in their own political state of being.  In a similar manner in terms of empowering the politic, the Habeas Corpus act helped to allow citizens to understand the clear distinctions that bound the monarchy.  The act determined that "all persons unlawfully detained cannot be ordered to be prosecuted before a court of law." This ensured that citizens would recognize and be notified of the crime with which they are being charged before prosecution could commence.  Both acts went very far in ensuring that a clear channel of communication existed between rulers and the ruled.