Gulliver's Travels Questions and Answers
by Jonathan Swift

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How can Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift be related to George I?

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The Emperor of Lilliput is a satirical version of King George I. The Lilliputian emperor's preference for people who wear low heels symbolizes his favoring of the Whig party, which preferred what was referred to as the "low church" (the church stripped of Catholic elements). The high heels that the king does not favor are representative of the opposition party in England at the time, the Tories, who favored the "high church," the Church of England. Candidates for public office in Lilliput must literally carry out an elaborate rope dance, which they are trained for since birth. The rope dance symbolizes the way in which people in the royal court in England had to curry favor with the king to gain favor or office. 

The Emperor of Lilliput is also convinced of his own grandness. He is described as a sovereign "whose dominions extend five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in circumference) to the extremities of the globe." In this sense, the emperor is similar to the king of England,...

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