How is Freud different from Carl Rogers? Did the gestalt theory influence Rogers?i wan to get to the essence of the person centered therapy

Expert Answers
ms-mcgregor eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Carl Rogers "humanistic psychology" is much less authoritarian and based more on the conscious mind than Freudian psychology. Freudians are much more directive in their therapy and tend to focus on unconscious motivation when patients are in therapy. Rogers believed in a close, personal relationship with patients and allowed patients themselves to choose the direction of therapy. His philosophy seems to have been influenced more by the theories of Carl Jung and Otto Rank than either Freud or the Gestalt Theorists. Rogerian therapy is focused more on the individual as a whole that a collection of units that Gestaltists believe can be mapped and then put into patterns and studied. For more information, see the links below.