The first ten amendments to the Constitution of ten United States are collectively known as the Bill of Rights. They were ratified in 1791. They serve to protect individual rights by limiting the power of government. They guarantee free speech, free press, free assembly, right to bear arms, right to petition, right to legal counsel, right to a speedy trial by jury, and due process. They also protect citizens for quartering of troops, unreasonable search and seizure, excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment, double jeopardy, forced self-incrimination and deprivation of private property for public use without compensation.