How is figurative language used?

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epollock | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Keats uses both synecdoche and metonymy in the first and second stanzas. Specifically, however, the metonyms in stanza one are the thatch-eaves, which represent the people who live in the houses so protected, and the clammy cells of line 11, which, because they are the location of honey, stand for the honey itself and the sweetness of the season. In stanza two, synecdoches are hair (line 15), which figuratively represents the dust of harvested grain and therefore the grain itself; laden head (line 20), which represents the persons working in the autumnal harvest both as laborers and as planners of the season; and oozings (line 22), representing specifically cider but generally the substances made from the year’s produce. These figures give insights into the intricacy of growth, harvest, and processing, and along with the personification of autumn, the intention of Nature and life to nurture human beings.

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